New to the subject?

Introductory Readings

On this page you will find links to reading lists and archive guides designed to aid researchers interested in displacements in Palestine-Israel and South Asia.


Displacement and forced migration have been central to Israeli statehood since its establishment in 1948. Israel is a signatory to the Refugee Convention and Protocol, as well as the Convention on Human Rights. However, it has consistently denied the right of return to non-Jewish refugees. Palestinian refugees, whose displacement as a people began in 1948, are excluded from the Refugee Convention and instead receive services from the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA).

This reading list contains indicative readings on displacement, bordering and statehood in relation to Palestine-Israel. It is not exhaustive.

Reading list for Palestine-Israel


The following is a brief guide to the archival collections we have drawn on for this project when researching refugee history in the Middle East. This list is far from exhaustive and there are many other archives, museums and collections across the Middle East.

Archive guide for Palestine-Israel

For further information please contact Dr Anne Irfan.

India / Pakistan

India and Pakistan are not signatories to the UN Convention on Human Rights. Refugee regimes in India and Pakistan (and Bangladesh) are closely connected to the history of partition and how models of citizenship have developed in these regions. This reading list contains indicative readings on the history of partition, the aftermath of partition, and partition’s refugees, citizenship and refugees in India and Pakistan. It is not exhaustive.

Reading list for India / Pakistan

Archive guide for South Asia

Please note: The South Asian sources on this website are historic records concerned with refugee regimes in India and Pakistan. Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan, came into existence in 1971. Some of the material relevant for the study of Pakistan on the website may be of relevance to scholars of Bangladesh’s pre-1971 history.

Supporting institutions